Wye Plantation Agreement

On the last day of negotiations, the agreement almost failed. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had asked President Bill Clinton to release Jonathan Pollard, a US naval intelligence officer who has been serving a life sentence since 1985 after giving secret information to Israel. A bitter disagreement emerged, with Netanyahu claiming Clinton had promised to release Pollard, and Clinton saying he had only promised to “review” the case. It was reported that then-CIA Director George Tenet threatened to resign if Pollard was released. The Wye deal was generally popular in Israel, with 74 percent of Israelis supporting the deal, according to polls in early November. [8] Prime Minister Netanyahu, however, felt resistance within his Likud party and delayed a vote on cabinet approval while seeking public assurances from the Clinton administration on Wye`s implementation. Instead of joining a national unity government with opposition leader Ehud Barak, Netanyahu sought to appease Likud hardliners by halting Wye`s implementation in early December due to clashes between Palestinian protesters and Israeli soldiers. [9] Disapproval of Netanyahu`s policies by Barak`s Labor Party and the Likud right led to a vote of no confidence in his government, which led to parliamentary elections in May 1999; Barak was victorious and promised to continue the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. . The talks that led to the Wye Memorandum, the terms of which included placing up to 40 percent of the West Bank under Palestinian control. The deal was rejected by right-wing groups in Israel, and several factions of Netanyahu`s ruling coalition resigned.

In 1998, the Knesset dissolved the government and. Agenda: President Clinton convened the Wye River Summit to bury the Oslo process. On the Israeli side, Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated, and soon after, the anti-Oslo Benjamin Netanyahu was elected to replace him as prime minister. On the Palestinian side, Hamas challenged the deal by launching a wave of suicide bombings in Israel in 1996. Amid growing mistrust, the Oslo process seemed to be at a standstill. The Wye talks were aimed at reaching agreements on issues ranging from PA counterterrorism measures to land transfers via Israel to ensure the process remains on track. (a) The Palestinian side would ensure that an effective legal framework is in place to criminalize any import, manufacture or sale, acquisition or possession without license of firearms, ammunition or weapons in the territories under Palestinian jurisdiction, in accordance with previous arrangements. (b) In addition, the Palestinian side would vigorously and continuously establish and implement a systematic programme for the collection and proper treatment of all such illegal items, in accordance with previous agreements. The United States has agreed to assist in the implementation of the program. (c) A United Mexican-Palestinian-Israeli committee would be established to support and strengthen cooperation in the prevention of smuggling or other unauthorized importation of weapons or explosive materials into areas of Palestinian jurisdiction.

(a) The Palestinian side would provide the Israeli side with a list of its police officers in accordance with previous agreements. (b) If the Palestinian side requests technical assistance, the United States will do so. . . .

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