Why Was It Difficult To Reach Agreements At The Potsdam Conference

France, which had been excluded from the conference, opposed the implementation of the Potsdam Agreements in its zone of occupation. In particular, the Frenchman refused to resettle the Germans expelled from the East. Moreover, the French did not accept any obligation to abdicate the Potsdam Accords into the system of the Allied Control Council; in particular, they reserved the right to block proposals to establish common policies and institutions throughout Germany and anything that could lead to the emergence of a unified German government. [33] To remember the things that were discussed at each conference, use the mnemonic film PEER Chronos. Schloss Cecilienhof und die Potsdamer Konferenz, 1945. Berlin, 1995. Illustrated volume accompanying the Chronos video on the conference. The “Big Three” with their staff around the conference table at the Potsdam Conference on July 17, 1945. Truman was much more suspicious of the Soviets than Roosevelt and was increasingly suspicious of Stalin`s intentions. [11] Truman and his advisers saw Soviet action in Eastern Europe as aggressive expansionism incompatible with the agreements to which Stalin had committed himself in Kanta in February. Moreover, Truman became aware of possible complications elsewhere when Stalin rejected Churchill`s proposal for an allied withdrawal from Iran earlier than expected at the Tehran conference. The Potsdam Conference was the only time Truman met Stalin in person. [13] [14] Churchill himself was not at his best in Potsdam.

He was depressed, next to himself and inwardly concerned about the outcome of the home elections. He missed the adrenaline rush that the leadership of the nation`s war effort had precipitated for him. He told his doctor, “I don`t want to do anything. I have no energy. I wonder if he will come back. He refused to consult the information documents prepared for him by experts from the Federal Foreign Office and instead gave long and irrelevant speeches at the conference table. There was also agreement on whether it was desirable to end the “current abnormal position” of the German war allies – Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania – and its belligerent Finland. A Council of Foreign Ministers would be created to conclude peace treaties with them, which would be concluded after a conference with the Big Three and “other interested allied governments”. This was duly done the following year in Paris and the treaties signed on February 10, 1947. The Potsdam meeting focused on the fate of Germany after the war.

The Soviets wanted a united Germany, but they also insisted that Germany be completely disarmed. Truman, along with a growing number of U.S. officials, had deep suspicions about Soviet intentions in Europe. The massive Soviet army already occupied much of Eastern Europe. A strong Germany may be the only obstacle to Soviet domination over all of Europe. In the end, the Big Three agreed to divide Germany into three occupation zones (one for each nation) and to postpone discussions on German reunification to a later date. The other notable topic in Potsdam was one that was practically unsaid. Just as he came to the conference, Truman was informed that the United States had successfully tested the first atomic bomb. Hoping to use the weapon as leverage against the Soviets in the post-war world, Truman casually mentioned to Stalin that America was now in possession of a weapon of monstrously destructive power. .

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