Countries Under Schengen Agreement

Travellers travelling between Schengen countries but from a third country outside the territory must be subject to Schengen entry checks upon arrival in the Schengen area. The reason is that the route is outside the Schengen area and that the authorities at destination would not have the opportunity to distinguish between passengers arriving on board the origin and those who have joined the centre. In addition, travellers are required to check the schengen exit borders when they leave. In 1999, the United Kingdom formally requested participation in certain provisions of the Schengen acquis – Title III on police security and judicial cooperation – in 1999, and this request was adopted by the Council of the European Union on 29 May 2000. [102] The UK`s formal participation in previously approved areas of cooperation was brought into effect by a 2004 Council decision that came into force on 1 January 2005. [103] Although the United Kingdom was not part of the Schengen area,[104] it has always used the Schengen information system, a government database used by European countries to store and disseminate information on individuals and goods. This has allowed the UK to exchange information with countries that are part of the Schengen Agreement, often to connect to legal proceedings. [105] In 2020, the United Kingdom has declared that it will withdraw from these agreements at the end of its transition period. The Schengen area originally had its legal basis outside the European Economic Community at the time, since it was created by a subgroup of Community Member States with two international agreements: the Schengen area was based on the principle of free movement within Europe. It is above all a question of freedom for the citizens of the Schengen countries, but also of a means of promoting trade and cooperation within the region. The exchange of talents, goods and ideas and the concept of a common sense of community of values throughout the region are at the heart of the Schengen area. Svalbard belongs to Norway and has a special status in international law.

It is not part of the Schengen area. There is no visa regime for Svalbard, entry, stay, or work,[94] but it is difficult to visit Svalbard without travelling within the Schengen area[94] although there are charter flights from Russia. Since 2011, the Norwegian government has implemented systematic border checks for people wishing to enter and leave Svalbard and requires a passport or identity card for non-Norwegian nationals. As a result, the border between Svalbard and the rest of Norway is widely treated as any other external border of Schengen. [95] A Schengen visa must enter several times in order to return to Norway. [96] There is no social security or asylum system for immigrants in Svalbard, and those unable to support each other may be removed. [96] Schengen is a European zone composed of 26 countries that have abolished internal borders. Instead, these countries have focused globally on strengthening external borders. Citizens of the Schengen area can travel from one country to another within that territory, as if the whole region were one country.

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